People throughout history have underestimated the Nevada desert and its so-called attainable fortunes that lie buried deep in the earth's surface. Nevada's relentless "boom to bust" heritage led many men by a string, some led to their dooms while others were led to their prosperity. Reno and Washoe County still seems to put that concept to the test. Comprised of what I like to call "faces and places", Washoe County holds three distinct places, each place uniquely different from another, and more importantly, uniquely different than any other place in Nevada.
First Face of Washoe: Timeless Places
The first "face" is a timeless place, a land that rests quietly not in Nevada, but in a Nevada "state-of-being". Here, the term "Nevadan" meant solely native Nevadans. These native Nevadans were the men and women of ancient times who left behind ancient messages for us to comprehend. In this place, the ancient people in Washoe County lived off the land, fished for giant trout and wandered about the region's mountains and deserts. These same native Nevadans much later met the white man, specifically an explorer who named both a giant body of water and a great river. Still later, Nevada's only Indian War took place upon in this land where battles were fought among the arid bluffs that line this "great place", this great river named Truckee.
Further north, the same place catered to men and women seeking fortune and new beginnings, a time and place where emigrant trails and their graffiti still exist in the remote canyons and range country known as High Rock. Inscriptions in High Rock's walls, "Lloyd R, November 1846", remind modern man traversing this lonely country that he is tiny against the earth today just as he was back then. Of course, this is just one face of Washoe County, a land comprising of the extreme northern half known thoughtfully as "the forgotten northwest corner." The only outposts in this remote and unpopulated sector of Nevada are places like Wadsworth, Nixon and Gerlach, an open region that seems to forever find refuge from Reno's hungry metropolis. Today, there are still only a few reasons why the average person would venture into this region. One is to see Pyramid Lake, described as "America's Most Beautiful Desert Lake", and to savor in the thrill of catching a unique and endangered trout found nowhere else in the world. The other reason is to see the desert and still another reason is to see, "The Desert"... the Desert known as the Black Rock Desert. Here on the Black Rock, even the most basic of rules shouldn't be ignored; things like common sense stand most important in this very remote region of the Silver State. Here among this face of Washoe County, a single man is still, as he was back then, his only companion.
Second Face of Washoe: The Glitz
In comparison, the second face of Washoe County seems to retract Nevada's typical lifestyle. Instead, Reno does as she has always done -- break the rules. This sector of Washoe seems to be its own world, a place of perplexing progression combined with pride and power. The second face of Washoe loves to be called "Nevada's City," crowned with the catchy motto, "We love this place!" Reno, as she always been called, is still the place to come. Dubbed the "biggest little city in the world", Reno enjoys its nickname, not for the sake of sporting a spunky catch phrase, but because Reno savors its distinction as a "rural city." "Reno-ites", as they like to be called, enjoy their proximity to the mountains; locals find comfort and shelter on the flanks of Mt. Rose. When a person can ski, fish, hike, camp, 4x4 and backpack within minutes from home, why be anywhere else? For starters, Reno thrives with a busy night-time scene. People worldwide can partake in Reno's gambling, suitable for both high-rollers and low-betters. Better yet, Reno fancies itself on not just its neon, but also its simple ways of pleasure. People can stroll along the Truckee River, gazing at the mountain's backbone, with just a mere thought of everything else that a big city has to offer. Reno is a clean city with character, sass, reservation, and excitement all rolled into one. But, Reno does have problems. The realization that California is only a few miles away does not help the city's identity. As more and more "spillovers" decide to make Reno home, a "Reno-ite's" ruralty is put to the test. However, throughout history, Reno has always been a problem-solver. After all, when other states prohibited divorce, Reno became the "cure," rebelliously stepping in by allowing divorce via a three-month residence rule. Even when prohibition loomed over the heads of America, Reno was the answer with its speakeasies and basement casinos. Even during the Comstock, Reno held its ground in innovation by providing the only means of crossing an impassable river. Byron Lake's bridge, known simply as "Lake's Crossing", allowed horse and wagon traffic to the Truckee Meadows and up the grade to Virginia City. No doubt, Reno has earned its spot as an important community in Nevada. Just don't forget: there is much more to Washoe County than just the big city.
Third Face of Washoe: Tranquil Pastures
Washoe County's third face is a meeting of the minds. Most "Reno-ites" have strong ties to Incline Village and the Tahoe Basin. Gerlach, Wadsworth and Pyramid Lake stand alone as bystanders away from the rapid growth throughout Washoe County. But, there is something special about Washoe Valley. Washoe Valley needs no introduction, or overplay of words to describe its state of being, a valley where life either passes through or passes by. In Nevada, Washoe Valley is simply Washoe Valley, with no special destinction or instructions required. This may be because its residents relate more to Carson City than the rest of Reno and its namesake county! Washoe residents fight for what's right, yet carefully keep to themselves in a sleepy valley in between Reno and the Capitol. In the words of one local ... "Not a whole lot happens here."
Perhaps that's why Washoe receives a gold star for greatness. Historically, Washoe has earned its name in the history books, yet most people often forget or simply don't care about its impact on Nevada. In truth, "the Valley" earned its reputation in Nevada history as a shipping locale for the Comstock Lode in the late 1870's; Washoe City, the first ever seat of Washoe County grew into an important freighting community that utilized a unique shipping system on the shore of Washoe Lake. Lumber was shipped by log flume from the Tahoe Basin and the adjacent mountainsides and then loaded and freighted across the lake. From the east side of the lake, the lumber was then sent up by rail or mule up the Virginia Range to the Comstock mines. This brief era was about the most excitement the Valley ever received. After Virginia City's prosperity came to a halt, Washoe City shriveled up and the seat of Washoe County was moved to Reno. Ever since, Washoe City has been thought as nothing more than a bottleneck for commuters on the busy US 395 highway. Most commuters in between Reno and Carson have no idea, or no care in the world that Washoe Valley contributed greatly to Virginia City's place in history. Little do they care that Washoe Valley could be the last remnant of Reno's ruralty, a place where mountains meet desert and the population's hearts still beat with the land. Here, there are no busy city lights, jaws of crime, or traffic jams. If nothing else, at least Washoe Valley makes a nice demarcation line between Carson City and the Reno metropolis, a true boundary between city and rural. Either way, you bet on one thing: Washoe Valley is proud to be a part of neither.
Which Washoe are you?
When you think about it, Washoe County is one strange duck -- an elongated piece of Nevada ground that stands alone in the west. Washoe is a place both untouched by modern-day hands, cleansed thoroughly by desert vastness, or alpine fragrances in a mountain bowl of dense forest and azure blue water. Yet, Washoe is also a place that prides itself as a bustling metropolis. Washoe County is a rarity in America, where a person one can be trapped in the "spaghetti bowl" at rush hour or crawling past the Reno Arch and in only a few hours, may be left speechless among the vast emptyness of its remote northern deserts. If I care to elaborate further, in one day a person can begin his day by standing along the shores of Lake Tahoe or amongst the alpine tundra atop Mt. Rose; he can record the differences he sees all day, by then driving through Reno and its glowing jungle of urban confinement, then northward only to find himself blankly staring at an austere Pyramid that seems to float above the waters of Pyramid Lake. At the end of the day, he can stand alone on the Black Rock Desert, and finally walk in awe without any pattern in his steps beneath the red ramparts of High Rock Canyon. Truly, one can experience several unique worlds all rolled into one county! Perhaps this is why the people of Washoe are also just as colorful. It might be regular for a city slicker from Reno to be stared down upon if he dares to ask for a mocha at Bruno's "Country Club." Or laughter may occur as a young snowboarder from Incline Village butts heads about life and liberty with an old timer from Wadsworth or a rancher in Washoe Valley. Such unique "faces and places" define Washoe County, holding reserve in its identity. Such variety prevents everything from from molding into Reno and Sparks. Of course, a Washoe Valley resident will always see heavy traffic through his valley while a Gerlach native will see only a few cars from the people he knows. Nevertheless, Nevada's second largest city is always a thought away.
Markers of Reno-Sparks Metro Area (24)
View Reno Historical Markers in a larger map
With that in mind, my ramblings above should at least hint at what you're in for as a marker hunter. Not only is Washoe County home to the most historical markers in Nevada, it's also a county with loads of options. With a new marker addition in 2007, Washoe County now has a total of 42 markers, and, to acquire all 42 of these landmarks, you will need a bit of patience and a heart for the explorative. By the looks of you being here, you're all ready to go!
A little over half of all the markers found within Washoe are located within the city limits of Reno and Sparks and to aid your conquering of the urban jungle, I've provided a mini-map of the city. Even though Reno and Sparks aren't terribly difficult to navigate, the markers' distribution make conquering urban Washoe a challenge, particularly due to the tedious downtown area of one-way streets, and during the summer, downtown festivals and pedestrian traffic. Expect quite a few instances where you're forced to double-back because of these instances, especially if you plan to conquer Reno during the busy tourist season (Memorial Day through August). My advice: avoid Virginia and follow McCarran Blvd. McCarran is a four-lane boulevard that completely rings the cities of Reno and Sparks, an excellent base that will allow you ample opportunity to bounce off anywhere in Reno-Sparks. Here's one possible itinerary ...
Markers of Washoe County (42)
View Washoe County Historical Markers in a larger map
- Start by tackling the markers in the south portion of the Truckee Meadows and work eastward on McCarran Blvd. Follow McCarran east as it circles both cities, the first of which is southeast Reno and the City of Sparks. The Sparks markers reside around one general area, three around Victorian Square and the other in nearby Deer Park. Continue northwest on McCarran as you approach northwest Reno and head north on the 395 freeway to bag that lone straggler in Red Rock (#256 Historic Transportation.) Return to McCarran and bounce onto I-80 to tackle the three stragglers in Mogul and Verdi. Your return trip on I-80 will provide you the chance to tackle the cluster of markers surrounding UNR and downtown Reno. These markers can be a headache so allow ample time to situate yourself with downtown's network of one-way streets. Due to the insane distribution of markers through the cities, allow at least two days to effectively tackle these urban markers. Not only will it be less stressful, but two days allows you some quality time with Reno's interesting nighttime sights and scenes.
- Once you've finished in Reno, the rest of Washoe's markers quietly await your conquering in the county's rural areas. Keep in mind that there are a few markers that lie so far off the beaten path, you may need to plan in advance on how to tackle them.  -- High Rock Canyon is one such marker. As of my conquering in 2008-2009,  was MIA, and just as it was for me, is gravely disappointing considering it took a long three hour's drive on well-maintained dirt roads. (I'm providing you this information in advance so that you know what to expect with #149). Although Washoe County is distinctively well-known as northern Nevada's urban county, almost all of that designation solely goes to Reno. Many people forget that the majority of Washoe County is highly rural and in many regards, hides away one of the most isolated places in America. It doesn't take long for this typical rural face of Nevada to make its presence known the minute one leaves Reno and the Truckee Meadows. Outside of the city, tackle Washoe County as you would any rural county, bringing everything but the kitchen sink with you.
Conquering all 42 of Washoe's markers is an experience not to be forgotten. With a little patience, the conquering of Reno, while a bit hectic, is still enjoyable and often rewarding. Washoe County has a little something for everybody. Look for its markers on cemetery grounds, one way streets, beneath high-rise buildings, city parks, on desert floors, old ghost towns, in timber forests, on alpine lakes, on mountain passes, and high-end ski resorts. Which Washoe are you?